General principles that will help you support a smoker
A motivational, non-judgemental style during consultations is more likely to engage patients than a judgemental, directional style. Playing the role of an interested partner who asks and explores a smoker's determination to quit is likely to be helpful. Motivational interviewing uses empathy rather than confrontation and acknowledges that the patient, not the doctor, is responsible for changing behaviour.
There are four key principles
- regard the person's behaviour as their personal choice
- let the patient decide how much of a problem they have
- avoid argumentation and confrontation
- encourage the patient to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of making a quit attempt. (See Motivational tension)
|Q Once a patient has decided he or she wants to quit, a healthcare professional can assist in the following ways:|