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Primary care and chronic lung disease available in pdf format here


Global estimates of respiratory disease burden conclude it is the biggest killer of post-neonatal infants (childhood pneumonia)1; the most common non-communicable disease in children and adolescents (asthma)2 as well as one of the most common NCDs in adults, causing at least 1150 deaths a day, most of which are avoidable 3 ; a highly prevalent and increasing NCD of all ages (allergic rhinitis)4; the most common fatal infectious disease from a single agent and the leading cause of death of people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (TB) 5 and 6; the most fatal cancer (lung) 7 and predicted to be the third leading cause of death (COPD) by 2030 8.  

This burden can only be tackled by strong primary care, that improves access to good quality care for the millions of people at risk of breathlessness, wheeze, cough and other respiratory symptoms that cause poor quality of life, shortened lives, and reduced economic opportunities.   This position paper from IPCRG explains the important role of primary care.



1. ](acute respiratory infection including childhood pneumonia


3.Asher I et al Calling time on asthma deaths in tropical regions—how much longer must people wait for essential medicines? The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 7, Issue 1, 13 – 15


5. World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report 2018. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2018.

6.MacNeil A, Glaziou P, Sismanidis C, Maloney S, Floyd K. Global Epidemiology of Tuberculosis and Progress Toward Achieving Global Targets — 2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:263–266. DOI: