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Information from Nicholas Zwar and Rick Bothelo:



International Primary Care Respiratory Group.  Tackling the Smoking Epidemic - IPCRG International guidance on smoking cessation in primary care.

UK National Centre for Smoking Cessation and Training ( —delivers training and assessment programmes, support services for local and national providers and conducts research into behavioural support for smoking cessation. This includes the “very brief advice” training module

Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco and the Society for the Study of Addiction ( —provides information on treatment of tobacco dependence. The website has links to clinical practice guidelines for cessation from around the world

United States Smoking Cessation Guidelines Lliterature review and meta-analysis of intervention and clinical practice guidelines based on the 5As approach

Australian Smoking Cessation Guidelines ( —clinical practice guidelines aimed at a wide range of health professionals

CAN-ADAPTT: The Canadian Action Network for the Advancement, Dissemination and Adoption of Practice-informed Tobacco Treatment. Guidelines with a focus on mental health.



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Prochaska JJ. Smoking and mental illness – breaking the link. NEJM 2011;365(3):196-198

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Aubin H-J, Rollema H, Svensson TH, Winterer G. Smoking, quitting, and psychiatric disease: A review. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev 2011. doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2011.06.007

Moeller-Saxone K. Cigarette smoking and interest in quitting among consumers at a Psychiatric Disability Rehabilitation and Support Service in Victoria. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2008; 32:479-81 doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2008.00283.x

Piper ME, Cook JW, Schlam TR, Jorenby DE, Baker TB. Anxiety diagnoses in smokers seeking cessation treatment: relations with tobacco dependence, withdrawal, outcome and response to treatment. Addiction 2010:106:418-427

Prochaska JJ. Failure to treat tobacco use in mental health and addiction treatment settings: A form of harm reduction? Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2010;110:177-182

Tsoh JY, Humfleet GL, Munoz RF, Reus VI, Hartz DT, Hall SM. Development of major depression after treatment for smoking cessation. Am J Psychiatry 2000;157:368–374

Tsoi DT, Porwal M, Webster AC. Interventions for smoking cessation and reduction in individuals with schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD007253. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007253.pub2.

McFall M, Saxon AJ, Thompson CE, Yoshimoto D, Malte C, Straits-Troster K et al. Improving the rates of quitting smoking for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. American  Journal of Psychiatry 2005;162:1311-1319

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Hitsman B, Moss TG, Montoya ID, George TP. Treatment of Tobacco Dependence in Mental Health and Addictive Disorders. Can J Psychiatry 2009;54(6):368–378.

Hall SM, Prochaska JJ. Treatment of Smokers with Co-Occurring Disorders: Emphasis on Integration in Mental Health and Addiction Treatment Settings. Annu. Rev. Clin. Psychol.  2009;5:409–31

Schroeder SA, Morris CD. Confronting a neglected epidemic: tobacco cessation for persons with mental illness and substance abuse problems. Annu Rev Public Health 2010;31:297-314

Hughes JR, Stead LF, Lancaster T. Anxiolytics for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2000, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD002849. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002849.

Gierisch JM, Bastian LA, Calhoun PS, McDuffie JR, Williams JW Jr. Smoking Cessation Treatments for Patients With Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Evidence. J Gen Intern Med 2011; 27: 351-60

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Cahill K, Stead LF, Lancaster T. Nicotine receptor partial agonists for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD006103. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD006103.pub5.

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