Difficult to manage asthma is asthma that either the patient or the clinician finds difficult to manage.
A patient with difficult to manage asthma has daily symptoms and regular exacerbations despite apparently best treatment. There are two main groups of patients with difficult to manage asthma:
Investigations and management should aim to:
Download our practical "how to" guide in a variety of languages, validated and adapted by our member groups here . Available in:
Clinical co-chairs of project: Prof Stephen Holgate and Dr Dermot Ryan (UK)
Clinical authors of desktop helper: Prof Armando Brito de Sá (Portugal), Prof Pascal Chanez (France), Dr Javiera Corbalan (Chile), Assoc Prof Jaime Correia de Sousa (Portugal), Breda Flood (EFA), Prof Liam Heaney (Northern Ireland), Prof Michael Hyland (UK), Prof Jan Lötvall (EAACI), Dr Björn Ställberg (Sweden), Dr Scott Wagers (Belgium), Dr Osman Yusuf (Pakistan)
SIMPLES acronym: Anna Murphy
Writer and editor: Susan Mayor, Siân Williams
These resources are linked to the difficult to manage asthma desktop helper and are listed in the order of its recommendations.
Difficult to manage asthma desktop helper references
Difficult to manage asthma - Position Paper for policy makers